• Mariana GRAUR “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iasi


At a quick search in a dictionary, one can find that nutrition is “the biochemical and physiological process by which an organism uses food to sustain its life; it includes ingestion, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion” (Encyclopedia Britannica) (1). However, the term nutrition also means “the science that studies the physiological process of nutrition (primarily human nutrition), interpreting the nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism” (2).


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8. Mozaffarian D, Rosenberg I, Uauy R. History of modern nutrition science - implications for current research, dietary guidelines, and food policy BMJ 2018; 361: k2392 / doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2392.
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14. Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases a Report of the Who Study Group on Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, Nutr Rev, 1991; 49(10): 291-301. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1991.tb07370.x.
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17. GBD 2017 Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet. 2018 Nov 10;392(10159):1736-1788. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32203-7.
18. Popkin BM. The nutrition transition: an overview of world patterns of change. Nutr Rev. 2004; 62(7 Pt 2): S140-143 / doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2004.tb00084.x.
19. Lawrence MA, Baker PI. Ultra-processed food and adverse health outcomes. BMJ 2019; 365: l2289 / doi: 10.1136/bmj.l2289.
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23. Horton R. Offline: After 2000 years, an answer arrives. Lancet 2020; 395(10219): 174 / doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30095-7.
24. UN(A/RES/70/1) Resolution adopted by General Assembly on 25 September 2015 Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development . 15-16301 (E) sustainabledevelopment.un.org