DIETARY PATTERNS IN YOUNG AND MIDDLE-AGED SUBJECTS WITH FAMILIAL HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA FROM NORTH-EASTERN ROMANIA
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic autosomal dominant disease that is characterized by very high values of low-density lipoproteins. An unbalanced diet associated with FH will increase the cardiovascular risk of fatal and non-fatal events. Material and methods: 32 patients with FH were admitted in the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Clinic from Iasi Clinical Rehabilitation Hospital between 1st December 2020, and 31st March 2022. Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score was the instrument used for the patient’s diagnosis. Nutritional assessment was evaluated through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Results: In our study, we have observed that men diagnosed with FH eat more chicken meat, fried food, and fast food, while women have a more balanced diet, which includes vegetables and fruits. Regarding the blood tests, we noticed higher values of triglycerides and uric acid in males when compared to women. Moreover, the HDL cholesterol level was higher in women. Regardless of gender, the subjects with FH lack in eating dairy products. Conclusions: As far as we know, this is the first study that evaluates the gender-related eating habits of young and middle-aged patients with FH. The information obtained can form the framework for the implementation of active and comprehensive prevention measures in order to increase the awareness of the disease.
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